教育Essay举例:Should Private Schools be Abolished?

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本文是教育专业的留学生Essay范例,题目是“Should Private Schools be Abolished?(私立学校应该被废除吗?)”,在这篇文章中,我将探讨是否应该废除私立学校。在看到工党在2019年9月的党代表大会上讨论这个问题后,我感到震惊和非常惊讶。这是因为我的整个学校生活都在接受私立教育,对于工党提出废除私立学校,我认为对于像我这样接受私立教育的学生来说是非常令人担忧的。
 
In this essay I am going to be looking at whether private schools should be abolished. After seeing the Labour Party debating this issue in their Party conference in September 2019, I was shocked and very surprised. This is because I have spent my whole schooling life in private education and for Labour to propose abolishing private schools, I think is very worrying for a privately educated pupil, such as myself.
教育Essay范例
 教育Essay范例
The Shadow Chancellor, John McDonnell, announced this plan and called it ‘Abolish Eton[1]’ stating that he wants an integrated education system1.
 
I believe that the reason John McDonell proposed this plan, is according tot he Independent Schools Council, 6.5% of UK children are privately educated, compared to 15% for sixth form pupils. He said that “Our society is grotesquely unequal... part of the reason is because of the inequalities in education..large amounts of money are spent on a privileged few.”1
我认为John McDonell提出这个计划的原因是,根据私立学校委员会,6.5%的英国儿童接受私立教育,而六年级学生只有15%接受私立教育。他说:“我们的社会是严重不平等的……部分原因是由于教育的不平等,大量的钱花在少数享有特权的人身上
 
In this essay, I will be looking at whether John McDonnell’s argument is fair and whether there is a correlation of attending private school and having more advantages.  Are the differences between private and state education and the differences of state education and if abolishing private schools would make these opportunities available to all.
 
In September 2019, Labour held their annual Party conference in Brighton. The shadow education secretary, Angela Rayner, said that a Labour government would scrap the ‘tax loopholes’ benefitting private schools[2]. This drew a mixed response from teachers with 41% supporting this motion and 36%2 opposed to it.
2019年9月,工党在布莱顿举行了年度党代会。影子内阁教育大臣安吉拉·雷纳(Angela Rayner)表示,工党政府将废除有利于私立学校的“税收漏洞”。教师对此反应不一,41%的人支持,36%的人反对。
 
One teacher who is opposed to this idea is Peter Green headteacher of Rugby School, a private school in Warwickshire[3]. Green said that this scheme would force him to warn his support staff that they may become unemployed and the school could be forced to shut3. He warned that this could also ruin the town of Rugby. He stated that the school is the town’s largest employer and provides in excess of £30 million to the local community each year3.
 
If these figures are correct it shows how a private educational establishment can benefit, not only the pupils attending, but the wider community. This Labour policy would not only affect pupils attending private schools, but also those employed by it and potentially those living in surrounding areas.
如果这些数字是正确的,那么就表明了私立教育机构不仅能使学生受益,而且能使更广泛的社区受益。工党的这一政策不仅会影响到私立学校的学生,还会影响到那些受雇于私立学校的学生,以及那些可能居住在周边地区的学生。
 
These plans are supported by the Labour chairman, Ian Lavery[4]. He said that fee-paying schools were ‘incompatible’ with Labour’s pledge to promote ‘social justice’.4  The Labour Party believe that everyone should have an equal start in life, and private schooling will give an unfair advantage.
 
It is reported that there is already far too much pressure on our state education system.  In 2014, over 4000 state school headteachers had to write to parents warning that there wasn’t enough funding for their school to run as efficiently as it could[5]. Despite this information coming from an unfamiliar source, from what I have read in the news, I believe that this information is accurate. In these letters, the headteachers warn that children who live in poorer areas do not have the same resources available to them as those who live in more well-off areas5. I agree that it is unfair that some people have very limited opportunities at school. However, I believe that if private schools were abolished,  these problems would be exacerbated.
 
At the moment, the average student to teacher ratio at private school is 12:1, compared to a state school where it is 16:1.[6]  Average class sizes in state schools are 25 compared to private schools where there is an average of 19.5 students per class.6 If another 650,000 students joined the state system, these figures would increase to an unmanageable amount. Therefore, I think that before the Labour Party consider abolishing private schools, there is a need for massive financial investment into the state education system.
目前,私立学校的平均师生比例是12:1,而公立学校是16:1公立学校的班级平均人数为25人,而私立学校的班级平均人数为19.5人如果再有65万名学生加入公立学校,这些数字将增加到难以管理的水平。因此,我认为在工党考虑废除私立学校之前,需要对国家教育系统进行大量的财政投资。
 
A factor that may affect this, could be because the UK is one of the most expensive places in the world to get a degree.5 For example, the average university fees in the UK is £9.3k compared to £3.0k in Russia, £2.7k in China and £2.3k in India.[7]
 
One proposal in which 10 grammar schools are trying to address their financial issues are by teaching thousands of Chinese students at their schools, resulting in a saving of £40,000 a year for each school.[8] The suggested charge per pupil is £2,000 for one sixth former for a six month stay7. These grammar schools are hoping that the money they make from this plan, would pay for more teachers in their schools.
 
The plans drawn up by these schools would also see 500 Chinese teachers being brought to the UK to be trained in British teaching methods.7 I believe that this information is very reliable as I extracted it from the distinguished and reliable newspaper, The Daily Telegraph. Therefore, if this scheme comes to fruition, it could be a good additional source of income for the state school sector. This increase in income for state schools will only enhance their pupils’ education. However, if the private schools were abolished as by proposed by the Labour Party, people could claim that grammar schools are elitist, and grammar schools would be the only schools that require pupils to sit an entrance exam to be offered a place, which will make them the only selective schools. The already fierce competition to secure a place at grammar school could become even more competitive and over-subscribed.[9]
 
Teachers working in the private education sector earn roughly 10% more than those who teach in the state sector.[10] If private schools were abolished and the teachers decided to teach in state schools, this could mean that they would have to take a pay cut in order to carry on teaching, or decide whether they would prefer a different career.
在私立教育部门工作的教师比在公立教育部门工作的教师收入大约多10%如果私立学校被废除,而教师们决定在公立学校任教,这可能意味着他们将不得不接受减薪以继续教书,或者决定他们是否愿意选择一种不同的职业。
 
In November 2019, state education teachers argued that their pay was so low, that they needed a pay rise due to their pay falling “relentlessly since 2010, with a drop of 15% against RPI inflation.”[11]
 
It appears that there is a larger percentage of newly qualified teachers teaching within the private sector6; 16% of the teachers at private schools are newly qualified compared to the 11% at state schools6 and this could be because they are attracted by the higher wages. Additionally, there could be an argument that the teaching at state schools is better, because 48% of the teachers in this sector have a masters degree, compared to 36% at private schools.6
 
It is argued that privately educated pupils may have a better chance of securing a place at one of the leading universities than pupils who attend comprehensive schools. In 2014, 5.2% of independent pupils were accepted to Oxbridge, compared with 0.8% of comprehensive pupils.[12] These figures, reported by the BBC in September 2019,13 may indicate that there is an unfair advantage to private school pupils, as they have a higher admissions rate. However, the counter argument is that this could be because they might have received a better education and thus have attained better exam results than their state school peers. In the same report, the BBC said that UK children who are privately educated are likely to earn almost £200,000 more between the ages of 26 and 4211.
有人认为,私立教育的学生可能比上综合学校的学生有更好的机会进入一流大学。2014年,5.2%的独立学生被牛津剑桥录取,相比之下,综合性学生只有0.8%英国广播公司2019年9月报道的这些数字表明,私立学校的学生有不公平的优势,因为他们有更高的录取率。然而,相反的观点是,这可能是因为他们接受了更好的教育,因此比他们在公立学校的同龄人获得了更好的考试成绩。在同一份报告中,英国广播公司称,在26岁至4211岁之间接受私立教育的英国孩子可能会多赚近20万英镑。
 
At the age of 34, the privately educated pupils will have earned about 43% more per hour compared to a state educated pupils 11. What is not shown in this report, is what career these people are doing. It could be that the privately educated pupils were working in a job that had a higher rate of pay.
 教育Essay怎么写
教育Essay怎么写
A more recent article written in September 2019 said that the state school pupils made up 68% of Cambridge University's total students.[13] This could be the result of Cambridge University launching a new scheme in recent years that ensures more university places are for children from disadvantaged backgrounds.12 The scheme came as a result of Cambridge University wanting one in three students coming from ‘under-represented and disadvantaged’ backgrounds.12 This has resulted in some controversy because it could potentially be seen as discriminatory to private school pupils and this is not fair either.
2019年9月发表的一篇最新文章称,公立学校的学生占剑桥大学学生总数的68%这可能是剑桥大学近年来推出的一项新计划的结果,该计划确保更多的大学名额给贫困家庭的孩子剑桥大学希望每三名学生中就有一名来自“弱势群体”的背景,因此制定了这一计划这引起了一些争议,因为它可能被视为对私立学校学生的歧视,这也是不公平的。
 
It is estimated that 41,000 children are financially assisted by private schools in the form of bursaries.[14] This shows that private schools are working to help give as many children as possible a private education by giving them a chance of attending a private school. This means that children, who may not ordinarily have had the financial means of attending private school, may now have the opportunity of doing so. However in later life, a bursury student may want to apply to a university such as Cambridge and if the universities continue to increase their applicants from state schools, there is the risk that the university may not offer a place to a bursury student, as they attended a private school. Therefore, I feel that universities, especially Oxbridge, should review their plans for applicants.
据估计,私立学校以助学金的形式资助了41 000名儿童这表明私立学校正在努力通过给孩子们上私立学校的机会来帮助他们尽可能多地接受私立教育。这意味着那些通常没有经济能力上私立学校的孩子们现在有机会上私立学校了。然而在晚年,bursury学生可能想申请剑桥大学等,如果大学继续增加他们的申请者来自公立学校,大学存在的风险可能不提供地方bursury学生,他们参加了一个私立学校。因此,我认为大学,尤其是牛津剑桥,应该重新审视他们的申请计划。
 
I think that it would be a mistake for the Labour Party to abolish private schools. We live in a democratic society with Freedom of Choice, and by abolishing private schools this choice is being taken away.  As of 11 May 2015, 17% of Labour MP’s went to private school[15] and is it, I believe, hypocritical of them to want to abolish the very establishments that they were educated in. These MP’s have had the benefit of attending private school, but now feel that they should take this opportunity away from children. Additionally, 32% of all MP’s in parliament had private education14. I hope that if a Bill aiming to abolish private schools was ever brought to the Houses of Parliament, it would not make it through the House of Commons to become law.
 
I believe that the Labour Party’s manifesto to abolish private schools should be scrapped. I think if the 650,0006 previously privated educated students entered the state system, it would put immense pressure on the education system and carries the risk of lowering the state education system standards. It is known that private schools have also provided investment funding and services for the public sector schools, so these schools would have more pupils and potentially less money.[16]
 
This could be catastrophic to the education of every child in the country and could even lead to a full or partial collapse of the education system, which is a worrying thought for everyone in this country. There will always be the argument that private schools are elitist, but I honestly do not think that abolishing private schools would lead to a fairer and more equal education for every child.
这对这个国家的每个孩子的教育都是灾难性的,甚至可能导致教育系统的全面或部分崩溃,这对这个国家的每个人来说都是一个令人担忧的想法。总是会有人说私立学校是精英学校,但说实话,我并不认为废除私立学校会给每个孩子带来更公平、更平等的教育。
 
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