毕业论文格式和范例

来源: www.sblunwen.com 作者:lgg 发布时间:2017-11-28 论文字数:2485字
论文编号: sb2017112520124917925 论文语言:中文 论文类型:论文格式
本文是一篇毕业论文格式和范例。
I. Introduction
 
II. Demonstration
 
A. Language as a concrete system of signs, has its own significance in the context of society.
 
1. Language is a system.
 
2.The conventionalization of language.
 
B. Language as a social institution, is born with society. It develops and interactswith the society.
 
1. Communicative function of language.
 
2. Language evolves hand in hand with the society.
 
a.Influences from the society upon language.
 
1) Macrolinguistic perceptive
 
2) Microlinguistic perceptive
 
b.Influences from language upon society
 
1) Interaction between language and society
 
2) Social factors and linguistic research
 
III. Conclusion
 
Abstract
 
This paper begins with a brief introduction to Chomsky’s methodology of idealization in linguistic research. Although the idealization in physical research from which Chomsky’s idealization deprives can still keep natural laws’ validity, the author points out Chomsky’s idealization is not accessible. The key point lies in the exclusion of social factors in his research. Then the author demonstrates the reason why Chomsky’s exclusion of social factors is not accessible from two aspects: (1) Language is a concrete system of signs. (2)Language is a social institution. Only in the context of society are these features significant and integrate, can language bear its form and forward its development and keep up the interaction with the society. Therefore instead of“being idealized” out of linguistic research, social factors should be regarded as the base of the research. Otherwise the object of the research will be totally changed and the research itself will be misguided. As for what factors can be temporarily idealized without changing language’s fundamental features? This is a question worth our further study in the future.
 
摘要:本文从Chomsky在语言学研究过程中所采用的理想化模式入手,认为Chomsky为了使研究变得简单,便将与语言关系紧密的社会因素摒除在研究范围之外,这是一种不可取的理想模式。接下来本文从两个主要方面阐述了理想化模式不可取的原因:一是语言作为一种符号系统,只有在社会的环境下才能具有完整的意义。二是语言作为一种社会结构,无论是它的产生还是发展过程,都在不断地和社会发生着相互作用。故而只要是研究语言学,我们就不能将社会因素“理想化”。至于什么因素可以暂时不予考虑,这仍有待进一步的研究。 
 
关键词: 理想化,符号系统,社会结构,语言与社会的相互作用
 
毕业论文格式和范例1 在正文中引用参考文献
 
一项科学研究取得的新成果通常是在前人成果的基础上的新进展,它体现着科学科技的继承和发展。如,基于已有的理论、方法、思想、实验手段等,使本研究获得了新进展,有了新发现;或是将一个学科中的方法移植到另一学科中并取得成功;或是对已有方法做了改进。当在论文中叙述研究目的、设计思想、建立的模型、与已有结果进行比较的时候,就要涉及到已有的成果。如果在涉及到前人成果的地方再把已有成果的具体内容抄到论文当中,不但占去论文的篇幅,冲淡论文的主题,而且抄写这些已发表过的、读者可以查找到的内容是毫无意义的。所以,在论文涉及到已有成果的地方,不去重抄已有的成果,而是指出登载这个成果文献(出处),这种做法叫做引用参考文献。?引用了参考文献,就要在涉及前人成果的地方做一个标记,见到这个标记,读者就知道在这里引用了参考文献;按照这个标记在参考文献表中就能找到刊登这个成果的详细内容的文章。在正文中引用参考文献的地方加一个标记,称为参考文献的标注。标注的方法称为标注法。

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