基于生态语言学的年度“十大流行语”探讨范文

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论文字数:42555 论文编号:sb2021091013290238030 日期:2021-09-14 来源:硕博论文网
本研究从生态语言学的角度,对2008-2018年《姚文饺子》杂志发布的110个十大流行语进行了初步研究。本文讨论了十大流行语的类型、形成的生态环境及其背后所反映的生态观,并在此基础上得出以下结论:首先,根据其来源,可将其分为六大类:时政类流行语、娱乐类流行语、社会事件类流行语、民生类流行语、借用类流行语和其他类别。第二,前十个流行语是外部生态环境和内部生态环境选择的结果。发达的互联网技术为其诞生提供了硬件设施,日益分化的社会结构和开放包容的文化市场为其发展提供了营养,而人群强烈的心理诉求为其传播和再生产提供了源源不断的动力。作为一种新的语言变体,十大流行语是语言生态系统中不可或缺的一部分。它的出现丰富了语言系统,为语言系统注入了新的血液,使语言更加多样化,进而促进了语言系统的生态平衡。

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Research Background
According to the 43rd Statistical Report on the Development of Internet in China, released by China Internet Network Center (CNNIC) in  Beijing, the number of Chinese netizens had reached 829 million by December 2018, an increase of 3.8 percentage points over the same period  in  2017,  with  the  penetration  rate  of  the  Internet  reaching  59.6%,  and  the  overall penetration rate of mobile phone users reaching 98.6%. Internet-based social platforms emerge in endlessly, such as Wechat, Microblog, QQ, Facebook, e-mail, and new short-video creative social software such as Tik Tok and micro-vision are also sought after by netizens. With the continuous  expansion  of  social  space  on  the  Internet,  a  large  number  of  network  languages emerge as the times require, and gradually penetrate into people’s daily life, in which they play an important role. With the increase of mobile phone users, the use of network language is not only confined to the cyberspace, but also familiar to people who do not go online. Network buzzwords have had a significant impact on people’s lives. 
The core tool and medium of network communication is network language (Chen Minzhe, Bai Jiehong, 2012:130). Internet buzzwords are the core of network language, and the Top Ten internet  buzzword  selected  each  year  are  the  most  representative.  Although  the  research  on internet buzzwords has made great achievements, the construction of ecological civilization and the strategy of network power have put forward higher requirements for the study of network language, paying more attention to the harmonious coexistence between human and nature and that  between  human  and  society.  Therefore,  as  an  important  tool  of  expressing  human’s thoughts, language also needs to be studied in the ecological context. 
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1.2 Research Purpose and Significance
This study collects the Top Ten Buzzwords of the Year from 2008 to 2018, released by the magazine named YAOWEN-JIAOZI, classifies them according to their origins, explains the ecological environment of their generration, analyses their language variation, and explores the ecological views reflected by them in order to help people better understand the relationship between language and environment and then use network buzzwords reasonably, which in turn, is helpful to achieve the goal that Internet buzzwords and language environment can coexist with each other. Based on the theory of ecolinguistics, this study focuses on the change and development of network buzzwords and its generating environment and the mutual influences of  them. In response to the call of the state to “implement the strategy of strengthening the network power and strengthen the comprehensive management of the network ecology”, this study  aims  at  guiding  people  to  establish  the  concept  of  ecolinguistics  and  promoting  the sustainable  development  of  the  network  buzzwords  and  the  construction  of  an  ecological network environment by tackling the following questions: First, what are the types of the Top Ten Buzzwords of the Year? Second, what is the ecological environment for the generation of the  Top  Ten  Buzzwords  of  the  Year?  Third,  what  kind  of  ecological  view  do  the  Top  Ten Buzzwords of the Year reflect? 
Although  the  fact  that  the  Internet  buzzwords  being  taken  as  a  minority  language  has gradually changed, and being widely accepted by the public, people’s current attitude towards Internet  buzzwords  is  still  less  derogatory.  With  the  development  and  popularization  of  the network, the emergence of network language has a great impact on the traditional Chinese, and about which many scholars have a great concern. Their study on the network buzzword is only on the surface, but not in-depth. But as a new language, the Internet buzzword can be called a revolution in the developing history of Chinese, thus the study of it is of great academic value.
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Chapter 2 Literature Review

2.1 Research on Internet Language
In 1997, the first conference on Internet Language Studies was held at Harvard University by the World Language Research Center. The conference discussed the status of English as a common language on the Internet and the application of web-based language (Han Qinzhao, 2015). From September 18 to 20, 2003, the first International Conference on Internet Languages was  held  in  Spain.  The  convening  of  these  two  meetings  shows  that  internet  language  has attracted the attention of linguists. David Crystal, a famous British linguist, is the leader in the study of internet language and the most influential linguist in this field so far. He has written more  than  120  books,  including  three  theoretical  monographs  related  to  network  language, including Internet and Language, A Glossary of Netspeak and Textspeak, Internet Linguistics. The book Internet and Language, published by Cambridge University Press in 2001, has laid a solid foundation for the study of internet language at home and abroad. This book discusses the language and language system of the Internet, the language in e-mail, chat group and virtual world,  analyses  the  new  words  produced  in  electronic  communication  and  graphic communication design, and focus on the language and language system in the electronic age. The book was translated into Chinese by Guo Guichun and Liu Quanming in 2006. In addition, he has published more than ten papers on the study of cyber language.
There are also many papers on internet language published by foreign scholars. In 2002 and 2003, there were many papers studying internet language published in Language and ELT Journal magazines. The focus of the research is on short message language, the revolution of network language, the impact of network on linguistics, characteristics of network language, memes, the impact on traditional language and the ability of students to read and write. The influence of training and the prediction of the future development of network language have been extensively studied. With the development of cyberspace, many internet languages have moved  from  “online”  to  “offline”.  Some  words  have  also  been  included  in  authoritative dictionaries of Britain and the United States. A large number of internet buzzwords have been included in various online dictionaries. 
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2.2 Research on Internet Buzzwords
With the rapid development of Internet technology and the sharp increase of the number of  Internet  users,  the  internet  language  has  gradually  penetrated  into  our  daily  life  from  the network  space.  As  the  most  active  and  frequently  used  part  of  internet  language,  internet buzzwords  are  also  the  core  of  network  language,  which  has  attracted  wide  attention  of domestic scholars. By June 12, 2019, there were 1 490 journal papers on Internet buzzwords, 17  of  which  accounted  for  1.14%  of  the  total  papers  in  2001-2007,  588  in  2008-2013, accounting for 39.46% of the total papers, and 885 in 2014-2018, accounting for 59.40% of the total  papers.  Through  analysis,  it  is  found  that  domestic  scholars’  research  on  Internet buzzwords can be roughly divided into three stages: the first stage (2001-2007) is the initial stage of the research on Internet buzzwords, which develops slowly; the second stage (2008-2013) is the growing stage of the research on Internet buzzwords, and the domestic attention to Internet buzzwords has increased rapidly, reaching a peak in 2011; the third stage (2014-2018) is  the  mature  stage  of  internet buzzword. Domestic scholars’ attention to internet buzzword  continues to rise, and it shows a downward trend after reaching its peak in 2016, and it is more obvious than that after the first peak. 
Appendix B: 2008-2018 年度“十大流行语”分类表
Appendix B: 2008-2018 年度“十大流行语”分类表
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Chapter 3 Theoretical Framework ....................................... 17
3.1 Development of Ecolinguistics ................................... 17
3.2 Haugen’s Concepts of Ecolinguistics ........................................... 20
Chapter 4 Types of the Top Ten Buzzwords of the Year .......................... 23
4.1 Current Political Buzzwords .................................. 23
4.2 Entertainment Buzzwords ....................................... 26
Chapter 5 Ecological Environment for the Generation of the Top Ten Buzzwords of the Year..36
5.1 External Ecological Environment ..................................... 36
5.1.1 Natural Environment: Rapid Development of Network Technology ....................................... 36
5.1.2 Social Environment: Differentiation of the Social Structure .................................................... 37

Chapter 6 Ecological Views Reflected by the Top Ten Buzzwords of the Year

6.1 Social Ecological View Reflected by the Top Ten Buzzwords of the Yea
According to Haugen (1972:325), linguists should pay more attention to the relationship between the language in the thinking of language users and the language in the language system. According to its view of ecological metaphor, language and its internal and external ecological environment  are  interdependent.  That  is  to  say,  linguists  can  study  the  environment  by exploring the ecological view reflected behind language. On the contrary, the environment will also have an impact on language variation. The languages that survive through severe natural selection are those that can well adapt to the complex and changeable environment. Therefore, the study of language should be combined with social environment.
As  a  social  phenomenon,  language  is  a  dynamic  and  open  system.  Social  structure influences  and  even  determines  the  structure  of  language.  The  language  used  in  the  social environment is restricted by the society. With the change of society, the social environment will change  with  each  passing  day,  so  the  language  will  change  constantly.  There  is  a  covariant relationship between language and society, so language research cannot be divorced from social reality.  The  Top  Ten  Buzzwords  are  the  most  representative  new  language  varieties  in contemporary  society.  This  section  will  make  a  detailed  and  comprehensive  analysis  of  the relationship between the Top Ten Buzzwords and contemporary society  from the ecological point of view.
Appendix B: 2008-2018 年度“十大流行语”分类表
Appendix B: 2008-2018 年度“十大流行语”分类表
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Chapter 7 Conclusion

7.1 Major Findings
From the perspective of ecological linguistics, this study makes a tentative study on the 110 Top Ten Buzzwords released by the magazine YAOWEN-JIAOZI from 2008 to 2018. This thesis  discussed  the  types  of  the  Top  Ten  Buzzwords,  the  ecological  environment  of  their formation  and  the  ecological  views  reflected  behind  them.Based  on  the  above  analysis,  the following conclusions are drawn:
First,  according  to  the  origin,  they  can  be  divided  into  six  categories:  current  political buzzwords, entertainment buzzwords, social events buzzwords, people’s livelihood buzzwords, borrowing buzzwords and the other categoriy. 
Second, the Top Ten Buzzwords is the result of the choice of both the external ecological environment  and  the  internal  ecological  environment.  The  developed  internet  technology provides  hardware  facilities  for  its  birth,  the  increasingly  differentiated  social  structure  and open  and  inclusive  cultural  market  provide  nourishment  for  its  development,  and  the  strong psychological  appeal  of  the  crowd  provides  a  continuous  power  for  its  propagation  and reproduction. As a new language variety, the Top Ten Buzzwords is an indispensable part of the language ecosystem. Its emergence enriches the language system, injects new blood into the language system, makes the language more diversified, and then promotes the ecological balance of the language system.
Third, from the perspective of ecolinguistics, the Top Ten Buzzwords fully embody the diversity  and  dynamic  characteristics  of  language.  In  this  age  of  almost  universal  network, network language has also penetrated into people’s daily life. Among many network buzzwords, the reason that the Top Ten Buzzwords can stand out and be selected as the representatives of the current year is closely related to their ability to adapt to the newly changed environment, and the law of natural selection. There is no evolution without mutation, which is the consensus of  evolutionists  since  ancient  times.  With  the  characteristics  of  humor,  conciseness  and individuation,  the  Top  Ten  Buzzwords  cater  to  the  needs  of  netizens  in  their  daily communication in pursuit of time-saving, convenient, efficient, novel and unique entertainment. Only by maintaining its diversity and dynamics can the Top Ten Buzzwords achieve sustainable development. 
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